Some people go to bed with a relatively normal glucose reading, only to wake up a much higher value. Wonder why glucose numbers swing during sleep or pre-dawn hours.
The Somogyi effect is a pattern of undetected hypoglycemia (low blood glucose values of less than 70) followed by hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels of more than 200).
Typically, this happens in the middle of the night, but can also occur when too much insulin is circulating in the system. During periods of hypoglycemia, the body releases hormones which cause a chain reaction to release stored glucose. The end result is that the glucose level can swing too high in the other direction, causing hyperglycemia.
The Test for this is to get about a 3-day continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) exam.
The very best way is to prevent the low from happening in the first place. And that takes a little detective work to figure out what made the glucose plummet. You might try any of the following, with your physician or healthcare provider’s blessing:
- Have a snack with protein before bedtime, like a piece of toast with peanut butter, or some cottage cheese, or yogurt, or some nuts and piece of cheese.
- Go to bed with a glucose level slightly higher than usual.
Named after the time of day it occurs. The dawn phenomenon is the body’s response to hormones released in the early morning hours. This occurs for everyone.
When we sleep, hormones are released to help maintain and restore cells within our bodies, why an sleep is required. These hormones (growth hormone, cortisol and catecholamine’s) cause the glucose level to rise.
For people with diabetes who do not have enough circulating insulin to keep this increase of glucose under control, the end result is a high glucose reading in the morning. For pregnant women, the dawn phenomenon is even more exaggerated due to additional hormones released in the night.
Several options are worth considering:
- Talk with your doctor about a possible medication adjustment to control the higher fasting readings.
- Limit bedtime carbohydrates and try more of a protein/fat type of snack (nuts, cheese, or meat).
- Eat breakfast to limit the dawn phenomenon’s effect. By eating, your body will signal the hormones to turn off.
- This concept can be a little perplexing, as people often say, “But if I don’t eat, shouldn’t my sugar go down?” But the opposite is true. By not eating, or skipping meals, it is fairly common to see higher glucose values as a result.
One of the primary causes of obesity is the excess production of the hormone insulin.
Many specialists have stated that it is excess insulin that makes you gain and keep unwanted weight.
Insulin creates fat in the body by taking excess sugar and placing it into fat cells. In order to control your weight, you must control your insulin levels.
Many researchers have found that the majority of people with weight problems produce too much insulin. For most overweight people, insulin is the enemy. The bottom line for most people is that to get rid of fat they have to reduce their insulin levels. If they want to reduce insulin, they have to take away sugar.
Sugar (i.e., refined, starchy carbohydrates) stimulates insulin production. And as we’ve learned from many diet books, reducing carbohydrates is a must. Low-carb diets are initially effective for overweight people because carbohydrates cause the overproduction of insulin and by cutting out carbs, this overproduction of insulin stops.
However, the key thing to understand is why the body produces too much insulin in the first place.
It is due to a hormonal imbalance, which once corrected, will stop the overproduction of insulin in the body.
However, our approach goes further in that it addresses the underlying reason as to why the body is producing too much insulin. Eating fewer carbohydrates helps reduce insulin spikes, but correcting the reason why you produce too much insulin will allow you to address your weight issues once and for all.
Carbohydrates, a key element of the human diet, are abundant in fruits, grains cereals, rice, and potatoes. Carbohydrates are the body’s primary source of energy. Carbohydrates are broken down during digestion into a sugar known as glucose. Glucose, the simplest sugar, is the only one that the body can use for energy; every one of the body’s cells needs glucose in order to function. The amount of glucose in your blood is also called your blood glucose level. A normal glucose level in the blood is 80 to 100 mg/dl.
Now, here’s where insulin comes into play.
Insulin is a powerful hormone that regulates the glucose levels in the blood. When you have more glucose in your body than your cells need, insulin takes the extra and stores it as fat in the body, allowing your blood glucose levels to return to normal.
Thus, insulin regulates blood glucose levels. But when those insulin levels are too high, it begins storing fat in the body. High insulin levels mean you’ll have more body fat, while low insulin levels mean you’ll have less body fat. Carbohydrates are the foods that cause these insulin spikes that result in excess fat in the body. When you always have unusually high levels of blood glucose in the body, you have a condition known as diabetes, which is potentially very damaging to the body.
Insulin not only regulates blood sugar levels, it also triggers a biological switch that turns off the production of muscle and turns on the production of fat, particularly around the waist and belly area.
That’s why you’ll often hear insulin called the fat-storage hormone. Insulin also interferes with the breakdown of fat cells, making it even more difficult for your body to lose weight.
The discussion of insulin’s role in weight gain is one of the most important discussions in the new books.
Not only does a high insulin level set you up for a long list of diseases, it can actually cause you to age more rapidly. The rate at which you age is largely determined by how sensitive your body is to insulin. If your body responds fully to insulin you’ll age more slowly.
When your fasting blood sugar level climb to over 100 your aging process will shift into overdrive. Just look at any diabetic and I’m sure you’ll notice how rapidly they age.
In short, CRH fuels premature aging.
The higher your blood insulin level the faster you age
An elevated insulin level can play havoc with your sex life by disrupting the level and activity of a number of different sex hormones including estrogen, testosterone progesterone. These are the hormones that control sexual desire, performance enjoyment.
As they age many men and women assume that their sexual problems are caused by aging. But in many their symptoms can be entirely reversed. A normal hormonal balance can be often restored after their insulin level is brought under control.
DHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone) is a key steroid hormone that’s a biochemical cousin of both estrogen and testosterone. DHEA is often called the “mother sex hormone” since the body can easily convert DHEA into either estrogen or testosterone – the key sex hormones.
Users report that they have increased their libido (sexual desire) by taking supplements containing DHEA.
as insulin resistance increases, the level of DHEA in the body falls. in a normal DHEA level can be easily restored when insulin levels return to normal.
Also, insulin increases the level of something called Hormone Binding Globulin (). HBG binds to sex hormones and renders them inactive.
The more HBG you have, the less hormone is available.
As you bring your insulin level down the amount of HBG in your blood will also decline your sex hormones an extra boost.
Doctors are fond of handing out what sounds like good advice. You’ve heard their mantra before I’m sure. Eat a diet, exercise regularly and stay away from alcohol and tobacco.
Virtually every major health organization on the planet endorses these oft-repeated maxims.
At their advice appears reasonable enough but when we examine the lifestyles and personal habits of those rare individuals who live past the age of 115, their advice suddenly doesn’t seem so wise.